Fluids in the Crust: Equilibrium and transport properties Cover

Fluids in the Crust: Equilibrium and transport properties

ISBN/ASIN: 9789401045360,9789401112260 | 1995 | English | pdf | 323/332 pages | 7.78 Mb
Publisher: Springer Netherlands | Author: Bruce W. D. Yardley, Kirill I. Shmulovich (auth.), K. I. Shmulovich, B. W. D. Yardley, G. G. Gonchar (eds.) | Edition: 1

For much of the 20th century, scientific contacts between the Soviet Union and western countries were few and far between, and often super­ ficial. In earth sciences, ideas and data were slow to cross the Iron Curtain, and there was considerable mutual mistrust of diverging scient­ ific philosophies. In geochemistry, most western scientists were slow to appreciate the advances being made in the Soviet Union by os. Korz­ hinskii, who put the study of ore genesis on a rigorous thermodynamic basis as early as the 1930s. Korzhinskii appreciated that the most fun­ damental requirement for the application of quantitative models is data on mineral and fluid behaviour at the elevated pressures and temper­ atures that occur in the Earth's crust. He began the work at the Institute of Experimental Mineralogy (IEM) in 1965, and it became a separate establishment of the Academy of Sciences in Chernogolovka in 1969. The aim was to initiate a major programme of high P-T experimental studies to apply physical chemistry and thermodynamics to resolving geological problems. For many years, Chernogolovka was a closed city, and western scient­ ists were unable to visit the laboratories, but with the advent of peres­ troika in 1989, the first groups of visitors were eagerly welcomed to the IEM. What they found was an experimental facility on a massive scale, with 300 staff, including 80 researchers and most of the rest pro­ viding technical support.

Fluids in the Crust: Equilibrium and transport properties

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