Principles of thermodynamics Cover

Principles of thermodynamics

ISBN/ASIN: 0824706927,9780824706920 | 2002 | English | pdf | 393/397 pages | 6.71 Mb
Publisher: Marcel Dekker | Author: Myron Kaufman

"This text presents the fundamental concepts of thermodynamics and applies these to problems dealing with properties of materials, phase transformations, chemical reactions, solutions and surfaces – utilizing principles of statistical mechanics to illustrate key concepts from a microscopic perspective, as well as develop equations of kinetic theory."–BOOK JACKET. Content: The Ideal Gas — Thermal Expansion Coefficient and Isothermal Compressibility — A Simple Model of the Ideal Gas — Real Gases: The van der Waals Equation — Real Gases: Other Equations — Condensation and the Critical Point — Gas Mixtures — Equations of State of Condensed Phases — Pressure Variations in Fluids — Thermodynamics: The Zeroth and First Laws — The Nature of Thermodynamics — Systems — Equilibrium — Properties — Processes — Heat and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics — Work — Internal Energy — The First Law — Heat Capacities — The Joule Process — The Joule-Thomson Process — Reversible Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gas — A Simple Heat Engine — The Second Law of Thermodynamics — The Second Law — Entropy Changes in Some Simple Processes — Heat Diagrams — General Analysis of Thermal Devices — The Third Law and Free Energies — Absolute Zero and the Third Law of Thermodynamics — Absolute Entropies — Helmholtz and Gibbs Free Energies — Partial Derivatives of Energy-like Quantities — Heat Capacities — Generalization to Additional Displacements — Standard States — Entropy of Mixing of Ideal Gases — Thermodynamics of Stretching Rubbers — Statistical Mechanics — The Microscopic World — The Joule Process — Distribution Among Energy States — Thermodynamic Functions from the Partition Function — System Partition Functions — Velocity Distributions — A Steady-State Example — Thermodynamic Functions of the Monatomic Ideal Gas — Energy of Polyatomic Ideal Gases. Abstract: Presents the fundamental concepts of thermodynamics and applies these to problems dealing with properties of materials, phase transformations, chemical reactions, solutions and surfaces. This work utilizes principles of statistical mechanics to illustrate key concepts from a microscopic perspective, as well as develop equations of kinetic theory. Read more…

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