Exposure Criteria for Medical Diagnostic Ultrasound: II. Criteria Based on All Known Mechanisms Cover

Exposure Criteria for Medical Diagnostic Ultrasound: II. Criteria Based on All Known Mechanisms

ISBN/ASIN: 9781601198624,9780929600734,0929600738,1601198620 | 2002 | English | pdf | 590/589 pages | 3.39 Mb
Publisher: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) | Author: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements

This report offers current views on exposure criteria for medical diagnostic ultrasound. Topics covered include: nonthermal mechanisms for bioeffects, noninertial cavitation, nonlinear bubble responses and inertial cavitation, models for exposure estimation in human beings, and epidemiology of ultrasound exposure.
Content:
• Front Matter
• Preface
• Table of Contents
• 1. Executive Summary
• 2. Introduction
3. Nonthermal Mechanisms for Bioeffects in the Absence of Cavitation
4. Noninertial Cavitation; Gas-Body Activation
5. Nonlinear Bubble Response; Inertial Cavitation
6. Bioeffects of Noninertial Cavitation Involving Free and Stabilized Gas Bodies in Non-Mammalian Systems
7. Bioeffects of Inertial Cavitation in vitro
8. Bioeffects of Acoustic Cavitation in Mammalian Tissues
9. Models for Exposure Estimation in Human Beings
10. Employed and Needed Sound Pressure Waveforms
11. Temperature Elevation and Its Biological Effects
12. Epidemiology of Ultrasound Exposure
13. Summary and Conclusions
14. Recommendations
• Appendix A: Mechanical Equilibrium of Free Bubbles
Appendix B: Output Display Standard
• Appendix C: Nepers and Decibels
Appendix D: Nonlinear Propagation: An Update
• Glossary
• Symbols
• References
• The NCRP
• NCRP Publications
• Index

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Exposure Criteria for Medical Diagnostic Ultrasound: II. Criteria Based on All Known Mechanisms

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